Function

AudioFileReadPacketData

Reads packets of audio data from an audio file.

Declaration

OSStatus AudioFileReadPacketData(AudioFileID inAudioFile, Boolean inUseCache, UInt32 *ioNumBytes, AudioStreamPacketDescription *outPacketDescriptions, SInt64 inStartingPacket, UInt32 *ioNumPackets, void *outBuffer);

Parameters

inAudioFile

The audio file whose audio packets you want to read.

inUseCache

Set to true to cache the data. Otherwise, set to false.

ioNumBytes

On input, the size of the outBuffer parameter, in bytes. On output, the number of bytes actually read.

You will see a difference in the input and output values if the byte size for the number of packets you request in the ioNumPackets parameter is smaller than the buffer size you pass in the outBuffer parameter. In this case, the output value for this parameter is smaller than its input value.

outPacketDescriptions

On output, an array of packet descriptions for the packets that were read. The array that you pass in this parameter must be large enough to accommodate descriptions for the number of packets requested in the ioNumPackets parameter.

This parameter applies only to variable bit-rate data. If the file being read contains constant bit-rate (CBR) data, such as linear PCM, this parameter does not get filled. Pass NULL if the file’s data format is CBR.

inStartingPacket

The packet index of the first packet you want to read.

ioNumPackets

On input, the number of packets to read. On output, the number of packets actually read.

outBuffer

Memory that you allocate to hold the read packets. Determine an appropriate size by multiplying the number of packets requested (in the ioNumPackets parameter) by the typical packet size for the audio data in the file. For uncompressed audio formats, a packet is equal to a frame.

Return Value

A result code. See Result Codes.

Discussion

Using this function is memory efficient when reading variable bit-rate (VBR) audio data, whose packet sizes can vary for a given duration of sound.

If the buffer you provide in the outBuffer parameter is too small to hold the packets you request in ioNumPackets, the output values of ioNumPackets and ioNumBytes are reduced to reflect the packets that were placed into the buffer. You also see a difference in the input and output values for ioNumPackets when this function has reached the end of the file you are reading. In this case, the output value for this parameter is smaller than its input value.

This function is more efficient than AudioFileReadPackets when reading compressed file formats that do not have packet tables, such as MP3 or ADTS. This function is a good choice for reading either CBR (constant bit-rate) or VBR data if you do not need to read a fixed duration of audio. If you do need to read a fixed duration of audio, whether CBR or VBR, use AudioFileReadPackets instead.

Audio File Services reads one 32-bit chunk of a file at a time.

See Also

Reading and Writing Audio Files

AudioFileReadBytes

Reads bytes of audio data from an audio file.

AudioFileWriteBytes

Writes bytes of audio data to an audio file.

AudioFileReadPackets

Reads a fixed duration of audio data from an audio file.

Deprecated
AudioFileWritePackets

Writes packets of audio data to an audio data file.