Instance Method

max(by:)

Returns the maximum element in the sequence, using the given predicate as the comparison between elements.

Declaration

@warn_unqualified_access func max(by areInIncreasingOrder: (UInt8, UInt8) throws -> Bool) rethrows -> UInt8?

Parameters

areInIncreasingOrder

A predicate that returns true if its first argument should be ordered before its second argument; otherwise, false.

Return Value

The sequence’s maximum element if the sequence is not empty; otherwise, nil.

Discussion

The predicate must be a strict weak ordering over the elements. That is, for any elements a, b, and c, the following conditions must hold:

  • areInIncreasingOrder(a, a) is always false. (Irreflexivity)

  • If areInIncreasingOrder(a, b) and areInIncreasingOrder(b, c) are both true, then areInIncreasingOrder(a, c) is also true. (Transitive comparability)

  • Two elements are incomparable if neither is ordered before the other according to the predicate. If a and b are incomparable, and b and c are incomparable, then a and c are also incomparable. (Transitive incomparability)

This example shows how to use the max(by:) method on a dictionary to find the key-value pair with the highest value.

let hues = ["Heliotrope": 296, "Coral": 16, "Aquamarine": 156]
let greatestHue = hues.max { a, b in a.value < b.value }
print(greatestHue)
// Prints "Optional(("Heliotrope", 296))"

Complexity: O(n), where n is the length of the sequence.

See Also

Finding Bytes

func contains(UInt8) -> Bool

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the sequence contains the given element.

func contains(where: (UInt8) -> Bool) -> Bool

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the sequence contains an element that satisfies the given predicate.

func allSatisfy((UInt8) -> Bool) -> Bool

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether every element of a sequence satisfies a given predicate.

func first(where: (UInt8) -> Bool) -> UInt8?

Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies the given predicate.

func min() -> UInt8?

Returns the minimum element in the sequence.

func min(by: (UInt8, UInt8) -> Bool) -> UInt8?

Returns the minimum element in the sequence, using the given predicate as the comparison between elements.

func max() -> UInt8?

Returns the maximum element in the sequence.