Creates a task that performs an HTTP request for the specified URL request object, uploads the provided data, and calls a handler upon completion.
- iOS 7.0+
- macOS 10.9+
- Mac Catalyst 13.0+
- tvOS 9.0+
- watchOS 2.0+
A URL request object that provides the URL, cache policy, request type, and so on. The body stream and body data in this request object are ignored.
The body data for the request.
The completion handler to call when the load request is complete. This handler is executed on the delegate queue.
If you pass
nil, only the session delegate methods are called when the task completes, making this method equivalent to the
This completion handler takes the following parameters:
The data returned by the server.
An object that provides response metadata, such as HTTP headers and status code. If you are making an HTTP or HTTPS request, the returned object is actually an
An error object that indicates why the request failed, or
nilif the request was successful.
The new session upload task.
An HTTP upload request is any request that contains a request body, such as a
PUT request. Upload tasks require you to create a request object so that you can provide metadata for the upload, like HTTP request headers.
upload, this method returns the response body after it has been received in full, and does not require you to write a custom delegate to obtain the response body.
By using a completion handler, the task bypasses calls to delegate methods for response and data delivery, and instead provides any resulting data, response, or error inside the completion handler. Delegate methods for handling authentication challenges, however, are still called.
Typically you pass a
nil completion handler only when creating tasks in sessions whose delegates include a
url method. However, if you do not need the response data, use key-value observing to watch for changes to the task’s status to determine when it completes.
After you create the task, you must start it by calling its
If the request completes successfully, the
data parameter of the completion handler block contains the resource data, and the
error parameter is
nil. If the request fails, the
data parameter is
nil, and the
error parameter contains information about the failure. If a response from the server is received, regardless of whether the request completes successfully or fails, the
response parameter contains that information.