A task, such as downloading a specific resource, to be undertaken by a URL session.
- iOS 7.0+
- macOS 10.9+
- tvOS 9.0+
- watchOS 2.0+
URLSession class is the base class for tasks in a URL session. Tasks are always part of a session; you create a task by calling one of the task creation methods on an
URLSession object. The method you call determines the type of task.
URL sessions provide three types of tasks: data tasks, upload tasks, and download tasks. These tasks are instances of the
URLSession subclasses of
Data tasks request a resource, returning the server’s response as one or more
NSDataobjects in memory. They are supported in default, ephemeral, and shared sessions, but are not supported in background sessions.
Upload tasks are like data tasks, except that they make it easier to provide a request body so you can upload data before retrieving the server’s response. Additionally, upload tasks are supported in background sessions.
Download tasks download a resource directly to a file on disk. Download tasks are supported in any type of session.
Stream tasks establish a TCP/IP connection from a host name and port or a net service object.
After you create a task, you start it by calling its
resume() method. The session then maintains a strong reference to the task until the request finishes or fails; you do not need to maintain a reference to the task unless it is useful to do so for your app’s internal bookkeeping purposes.