Article

macOS Catalina 10.15 Beta 8 Release Notes

Update your apps to use new features, and test your apps against API changes.

Overview

The macOS 10.15 SDK provides support for developing apps for Macs running macOS Catalina 10.15. The SDK comes bundled with Xcode 11 beta available from Beta Software Downloads. For information on the compatibility requirements for Xcode 11, see Xcode 11 Release Notes.

General

New Features

  • Installing third party kernel extensions now requires that you restart your Mac before they’re permitted to load. (50340461)

Known Issues

  • During installation of macOS 10.15 you might be prompted to enter your administrator password multiple times to allow installation to proceed. (51206649)

Deprecations

  • macOS frameworks are now thinned for the x86-64 architecture. Apps that execute i386 code now fail with the EBADARCH error code. The remaining stub frameworks are nonfunctional and exist only for compatibility purposes. (51236070)

AirDrop

Known Issues

Apple TV

Resolved Issues

  • Support for signing in with an account from a different country is now available. (51240948)

AppleEvents

New Features

  • To enhance security, AppleEvents and AppleScripts that target an app on a remote system must authenticate as the same user on the remote system. An AppleEvent that targets an app running as a different user receives a procNotFound error.

    To allow remote AppleEvents to target apps in any user session, run the following command in Terminal on the server:

    defaults write /Library/Preferences/com.apple.AEServer RestrictAccessToUserSession -bool false
    

    Then disable and reenable Remote Apple Events in System Preferences > Sharing. (5353592)

Audio

New Features

  • You can now enable voice processing mode on AVAudioEngine. (50906329)

  • You can use new AVAudioNode types to wrap a user-defined block for sending or receiving data in real-time.

  • A new method is available for an AVAudioEngine based app to retrieve a list of all nodes attached to an AVAudioEngine instance.

  • A new rendering mode in AVAudioEnvironmentNode selects the best spatial audio rendering algorithm automatically based on the output device.

  • A new AVAudioSession property allows system sounds and haptics to play while the session is actively using audio input.

  • A new property, AVAudioSessionPromptStyle informs apps which style of voice prompt they should play based on other audio activity in the system.

  • The AVAudioSessionRouteSharingPolicy enumeration is extended to allow apps to specify route sharing policies so their audio and video is routed to the same location as AirPlay.

  • Audio Unit Extensions now support user presets that are available across all host apps.

Deprecations

  • The OpenAL framework is deprecated and remains present for compatibility purposes. Transition to AVAudioEngine for spatial audio functionality.

  • AUGraph is deprecated in favor of AVAudioEngine.

  • Inter-App audio is deprecated. Use Audio Units for this functionality.

  • Carbon component-based Audio Units are deprecated and support will be removed in a future release.

  • Legacy Core Audio HAL audio hardware plug-ins are no longer supported. Use Audio Server plug-ins for audio drivers.

AVFoundation

New Features

  • The AVPlayer class includes two new properties, eligibleForHDRPlayback and AVPlayerEligibleForHDRPlaybackDidChangeNotification, which you can use to determine whether an HDR display is available and can play on the current device. (35938145)

  • AVFoundation now supports encoding video with alpha channels using HEVC. Videos encoded in this manner are broadly supported in AVFoundation APIs and by Safari within web pages. Technical details of the format can be found in the Interoperability Profile specification. (8045917)

Deprecations

  • The previously deprecated 32-bit QuickTime framework is no longer available in macOS 10.15.

  • The symbols for QTKit, which relied on the QuickTime framework, are still present but the classes are non-functional.

Camera

Known Issues

Core Image

New Features

  • The filterWithImageURL:options: and filterWithImageData:options: initializers no longer support RAW decoder versions earlier than 6. Version 6 and later remain supported. (50911303)

  • Added new APIs for instantiating and modifying the built-in Core Image filters.

  • The CICoreMLModel filter is enhanced to support models with an input or output of type MLFeatureTypeMultiArray.

  • Metal CIKernel instances now support arguments with arbitrarily structured data.

  • Metal CIKernel instances now support returning a group of two by two pixels.

  • The integer values of CIFormat symbols, such as kCIFormatARGB8, have changed to a new set of values which are consistent across platforms. The former values remain supported for backward compatibility; however, you should avoid dependancies on specific numerical values.

EndpointSecurity

Deprecations

  • The kauth API has been deprecated. (50419013)

iCloud

Known Issues

  • After updating to macOS Catalina 10.15 Beta 7 or later, iCloud Drive might synchronize for an extended period of time. If you notice any missing files, they can be found inside a Recovered Files folder in your home folder. (54046219)

  • Even when Optimize Storage is switched off, iCloud Drive might fail to automatically download all files. (50667204)

    Workaround: Download files individually.

  • When creating a new Pages, Numbers, or Keynote document in a shared folder, you might see the message “Couldn’t connect to iCloud”. (50827963)

    Workaround: Close and reopen the document.

iWork

Resolved Issues

  • Attempting to open iWork documents in Finder will no longer unexpectedly create a .cpgz file if the corresponding iWork app isn’t installed. (40693892)

Launch Daemons and Agents

New Features

  • Launch daemons and launch agents introduce new user privacy protections. Specifying privacy-sensitive files and folders in a launchd property list might not work as expected and prevent the service from running. Having Program or ProgramArguments pointing to an executable in a privacy sensitive location is currently allowed, but may be restricted in a future release. (49702405)

    To comply with the new privacy protections, resources for a launchd service must be stored in locations that aren’t privacy sensitive. If necessary, the app can set up resources during its execution rather than using launchd property list keys, making it possible to grant the app access using System Preferences > Security & Privacy > Privacy.

    The following launchd property list keys are affected: KeepAlive, PathState, QueueDirectories, Sockets, SockPathName, StandardErrorPath, StandardInPath, StandardOutPath, and WatchPaths.

Localization

Known Issues

  • Certain languages might exhibit clipped or misaligned layout. (51068688, 50983852)

  • Certain languages might display unlocalized text. (47765173, 51196633)

Mac Catalyst

Known Issues

  • nativeScale might be inaccurate. Instead, get the scale factor from the local trait collection. (54009624)

  • MPMediaPickerController might not display the contents of your library. (51785735)

  • AppKit and Mac Catalyst apps are currently view-only clients of PencilKit. (51146823)

  • The UIScreen class’s captured API isn’t currently supported. (48360589)

  • The currentDevice property on UIDevice and the OS Product Name is currently returned as iOS rather than macOS, which can affect diagnostic logs generated by your system. (49792004)

  • When sending Mail attachments via MessageUI, each attachment might appear as two icons when viewed by the recipient. (50369995)

  • Controls drawn with accent color incorrectly maintain their active color when the window is inactive. There is no need to work around this in your app. (50563638)

  • For Mac Catalyst apps to save to Photos Library, explicitly linking the Photos framework is required. (50781430)

  • Action and share extensions might exhibit visual anomalies. (51005363)

  • All assets at 3x scale factor are currently ignored when compiling the asset catalog for Mac Catalyst apps. Because the search begins with the universal asset, assets for a specific memory or graphics class won’t be found. For example, if you provide an image and only give a 6GB and Metal 5v1 asset, it won’t be found at runtime. It’s recommended that you provide all images as vectors to allow generation of the correct scale factors, or at minimum provide 2x versions of the assets. If you’re classifying resources based on memory and graphics families then you should provide "Any Memory" and "Any Graphics”. (51033745)

  • CallKit CXAction instances might return an error. (51074735)

  • When creating a Mac Catalyst app from your iPad app, Xcode automatically generates a unique Mac bundle identifier. If you have an existing Mac bundle identifier you’d prefer to use, you can do so by using manual signing in Xcode. (51076014)

    Follow these steps to configure your project, AppID, and provisioning profile:

  1. Sign in to Apple Developer, then select Certificates, Identifiers, and Profiles.

  2. In the Identifiers section, select your iOS app identifier to edit.

  3. Check the Mac Catalyst capability to enable it, then click the Configure button.

  4. Choose Use an existing macOS AppID and select the identifier you'd like to use from the popup menu. Click the Save button to finish editing your AppID.

  5. In the Profiles section, click the + button to create a new profile, select ‘macOS App Development’, and click Continue.

  6. Select your iOS AppID from the popup, click Continue, and complete the rest of the profile creation flow. When finished, click the Download button.

  7. In Xcode, select your project to view the Project Editor and select your app’s target. Then select the Build Settings tab.

  8. Set the Derive Mac Catalyst Product Bundle Identifier setting to No.

  9. Expand the Product Bundle Identifier build setting to view its configurations. Next to the Debug configuration, click the + button to add a conditional value.

  10. For the build setting condition, select Any macOS from the popup menu. Edit the value of the conditional build setting to match the macOS bundle identifier you want to use. Repeat this step for all configurations in your project.

  11. In the Signing & Capabilities tab, uncheck Automatically manage signing.

  12. For your macOS app, select Import Profile from the Provisioning Profile popup and then select the profile you downloaded earlier.

Resolved Issues

  • Fixed an issue where event handling in extension contexts sometimes produced unexpected results, including failure to deliver trackpad pinch and zoom gestures. (50145462)

Mail

Known Issues

  • If your Mac contains both macOS Mojave 10.14 and macOS 10.15 volumes, you might experience issues searching in Mail. (46611310)

    Workaround: While running macOS Mojave 10.14, open Terminal and execute the following command:

    sudo touch /.metadata_never_index_unless_rootfs
    

    Reboot into macOS 10.15, open Terminal and execute the following command:

    sudo touch /System/Volumes/Data/.metadata_never_index_unless_rootfs
    

    Reboot into macOS Mojave 10.14, open Terminal and execute the following command:

    sudo mdutil -E /
    

    Depending on the size of your Mail database, it might take many hours to reindex all content.

Networking

New Features

Known Issues

  • The NWEthernetChannel API doesn’t currently support VLAN interfaces. NEPacketTunnelProvider will see both tagged and untagged frames arriving on physical interfaces. Depending on the Ethernet driver, VLAN tags might be processed by hardware and thus stripped off the Ethernet frames thus NEPacketTunnelProvider won’t see the VLAN tag. (51275655)

Deprecations

  • Support for FTP and File URL schemes for Proxy Automatic Configuration (PAC) is removed. HTTP and HTTPS are the only supported URL schemes for PAC. This affects all PAC configurations including but not limited to configurations set using Settings, System Preferences, profiles, URLSession APIs such as connectionProxyDictionary, and CFNetworkExecuteProxyAutoConfigurationURL. (28578280)

  • SPDY support is removed from the NSURLSession and NSURLConnection APIs. Servers should use HTTP 2 or HTTP 1.1. (43391641)

  • The Network Kernel Extension API is now deprecated. (49284108)

Photos

New Features

  • To improve the Photos upgrade experience, Photos is testing database upgrades using a clone of the Photo Library. This clone doesn’t include the content of each photo, but does include faces metadata and a thumbnail image of each person in your library. It also contains metadata such as the asset name and the geographic location of the photo. It is created at ~/Pictures/macOS 10.15 Pre-Upgrade Backup, and you can manually remove this backup at any time. The clone will be removed automatically before the final release of macOS 10.15. (51033690)

Privacy

Known Issues

  • The behavior of access(2) on privacy-protected filesystem locations has been restored to that of macOS Mojave. (47309955)

Quartz Composer

Deprecations

  • Starting in macOS 10.15, the Quartz Composer framework is deprecated and remains present for compatibility purposes. Transition to frameworks such as Core Image, SceneKit, or Metal. (50911608)

Scripting Language Runtimes

Deprecations

  • Scripting language runtimes such as Python, Ruby, and Perl are included in macOS for compatibility with legacy software. Future versions of macOS won’t include scripting language runtimes by default, and might require you to install additional packages. If your software depends on scripting languages, it’s recommended that you bundle the runtime within the app. (49764202)

  • Use of Python 2.7 isn’t recommended as this version is included in macOS for compatibility with legacy software. Future versions of macOS won’t include Python 2.7. Instead, it’s recommended that you run python3 from within Terminal. (51097165)

SwiftUI

New Features

Known Issues

  • Apps containing SwiftUI inside a Swift package might not run on versions of iOS earlier than iOS 13. (53706729)

    Workaround: When back-deploying to an OS which doesn't contain the SwiftUI framework, add the -weak_framework SwiftUI flag to the Other Linker Flags setting in the Build Settings tab. See Frameworks and Weak Linking for more information on weak linking a framework. This workaround doesn't apply when using dynamically linked Swift packages which import SwiftUI.

Deprecations

  • The Command structure is replaced by passing selectors directly. (53187891)

  • NavigationDestinationLink and DynamicNavigationDestinationLink are deprecated; their functionality is now included in NavigationLink. (50630794)

  • The Length type is replaced by CGFloat. (50654095)

  • TabbedView is now named TabView. (51012120)

  • HAlignment and VAlignment are now deprecated, use the more flexible HorizontalAlignment or VerticalAlignment types instead and use TextAlignment for text. (51190531)

  • The SelectionManager protocol is removed, use Optional and Set instances directly for selection. (51557694)

  • The isPresented environment value is deprecated and replaced with the more general presentationMode value. (51641238)

  • The StaticMember protocol is deprecated. Use protocol-conforming types directly instead. For example, use an instance of WheelPickerStyle directly rather than the wheel static member.(52911961)

  • Complex overloads for the background(_:alignment:) and border(_:width:) modifiers are deprecated. Use shapes in a background(_:alignment:) or overlay(_:alignment:) to draw these instead. (53067530)

  • SwiftUI APIs deprecated in previous betas are now removed. (52587863)

  • The identified(by:) method on the Collection protocol is deprecated in favor of dedicated init(_:id:selection:rowContent:) and init(_:id:content:) initializers. (52976883, 52029393)

    The retroactive conformance of Int to the Identifiable protocol is removed. Change any code that relies on this conformance to pass \.self to the id parameter of the relevant initializer. Constant ranges of Int continue to be accepted:

    List(0..<5) {
        Text("Rooms")
    }
    

    However, you shouldn’t pass a range that changes at runtime. If you use a variable that changes at runtime to define the range, the list displays views according to the initial range and ignores any subsequent updates to the range.

  • Several extensions to the Binding structure are removed. (51624798)

    If you have code such as the following:

    struct LandmarkList: View {
        var landmark: [Landmark]
        @Binding var favorites: Set<Landmark>
    
        var body: some View {
            List(landmarks) { landmark in
                Toggle(landmark.name, isOn: self.$favorites.contains(landmarkID))
            }
        }
    }
    

    Define the following subscript on the Set structure:

    extension Set {
        subscript(member: Element) -> Bool {
            get { contains(member) }
            set {
                if newValue {
                    insert(member)
                } else {
                    remove(member)
                }
            }
        }
    }
    

    Then, change self.$favorites.contains(landmarkID) to self.$favorites[landmarkID].

  • The Binding structure’s conditional conformance to the Collection protocol is removed. (51624798)

    If you have code such as the following:

    struct LandmarkList: View {
        @Binding var landmark: [Landmark]
    
        var body: some View {
            List(landmarks) { landmark in
                Toggle(landmark.value.name, isOn: landmark[\.isFavorite])
            }
        }
    }
    

    Define the following collection type:

    struct IndexedCollection<Base: RandomAccessCollection>: RandomAccessCollection {
        typealias Index = Base.Index
        typealias Element = (index: Index, element: Base.Element)
    
        let base: Base
    
        var startIndex: Index { base.startIndex }
    
        var endIndex: Index { base.startIndex }
    
        func index(after i: Index) -> Index {
            base.index(after: i)
        }
    
        func index(before i: Index) -> Index {
            base.index(before: i)
        }
    
        func index(_ i: Index, offsetBy distance: Int) -> Index {
            base.index(i, offsetBy: distance)
        }
    
        subscript(position: Index) -> Element {
            (index: position, element: base[position])
        }
    }
    
    extension RandomAccessCollection {
        func indexed() -> IndexedCollection<Self> {
            IndexedCollection(base: self)
        }
    }
    

    Then, update your code to:

    struct LandmarkList: View {
        @Binding var landmarks: [Landmark]
    
        var body: some View {
            List(landmarks.indexed(), id: \.1.id) { (index, landmark) in
                Toggle(landmark.name, isOn: self.$landmarks[index].isFavorite)
            }
        }
    }
    

  • The relativeWidth(_:), relativeHeight(_:), and relativeSize(width:height:) modifiers are deprecated. Use other modifiers like frame(minWidth:idealWidth:maxWidth:minHeight:idealHeight:maxHeight:alignment:) instead. (51494692)

Xcode

Deprecations

  • Command line tool support for Subversion — including svn, git-svn, and related commands — is no longer provided by Xcode. If you need Subversion or related command line tools, install the Command Line Tools package by running xcode-select --install. (50266910)