- iOS 7.0+
- macOS 10.9+
- tvOS 9.0+
- watchOS 3.0+
Scenes are the basic building blocks of games. Typically, you design self-contained scenes for the parts of your game, and then transition between these scenes as necessary. For example, you might create different scene classes to represent any or all of the following concepts:
A loading scene to display while other content is loaded
A main menu scene to choose what kind of game the user wants to play
A scene to configure the details of the specific kind of game the user chose
A scene that provides the gameplay
A scene displayed when gameplay ends
When you present a new scene in a view that is already presenting a scene, you have the option of using a transition to animate the change from the old scene to the new scene. Using a transition provides continuity so that the scene change is not quite so abrupt.
Transitioning Between Two Scenes
Typically, you transition to a new scene based on gameplay or user input. For example, if the user presses a button in your main menu scene, you might transition to a new scene to configure the match the player wants to play.
Listing 1 shows how you might implement the event handler in a sprite. The handler first runs an animation on itself to highlight the button (not described here). Then, it creates a transition object and the new scene. Finally, it calls the view to present the new scene. The transition means that this change is animated.
When the transition occurs, the scene property is immediately updated to point to the new scene. Then, the animation occurs. Finally, the strong reference to the old scene is removed. If you need to keep the scene around after the transition occurs, your app needs to keep its own strong reference to the old scene.
When organizing your game, it can be helpful to create a diagram that shows all the scenes in a game, the transitions that occur between scenes, and the data that must be passed to the new scene when a transition occurs. Unlike view controllers in iOS, SpriteKit does not provide a built-in mechanism for passing data between scenes. If you need to provide data during a scene transition, you need to implement your own mechanism to configure the new scene. Typically, this means defining custom methods and properties on each scene.
Configuring Whether Animations Play During the Transition
pauses properties on the transition object define which animations are played during the transition. By default, both scenes are paused during the transition. However, you might want to enable animation on either scene during the transition.
Figure 1 illustrates which frames of the incoming and outgoing scenes are displayed on screen during a three frame transition with different permutations of
For example, consider the code again in Listing 1. Because the button is going to run an action, this code expects the outgoing scene to be animated. But perhaps the incoming scene should not animate its content until the transition completes. Adding the code in Listing 2 has the desired effect.