Instance Method

enumerated()

Returns a sequence of pairs (n, x), where n represents a consecutive integer starting at zero, and x represents an element of the sequence.

Declaration

func enumerated() -> EnumeratedSequence<Self>

Return Value

A sequence of pairs enumerating the sequence.

Discussion

This example enumerates the characters of the string “Swift” and prints each character along with its place in the string.

for (n, c) in "Swift".enumerated() {
    print("\(n): '\(c)'")
}
// Prints "0: 'S'"
// Prints "1: 'w'"
// Prints "2: 'i'"
// Prints "3: 'f'"
// Prints "4: 't'"

When you enumerate a collection, the integer part of each pair is a counter for the enumeration, but is not necessarily the index of the paired value. These counters can be used as indices only in instances of zero-based, integer-indexed collections, such as Array and ContiguousArray. For other collections the counters may be out of range or of the wrong type to use as an index. To iterate over the elements of a collection with its indices, use the zip(_:_:) function.

This example iterates over the indices and elements of a set, building a list consisting of indices of names with five or fewer letters.

let names: Set = ["Sofia", "Camilla", "Martina", "Mateo", "Nicolás"]
var shorterIndices: [SetIndex<String>] = []
for (i, name) in zip(names.indices, names) {
    if name.count <= 5 {
        shorterIndices.append(i)
    }
}

Now that the shorterIndices array holds the indices of the shorter names in the names set, you can use those indices to access elements in the set.

for i in shorterIndices {
    print(names[i])
}
// Prints "Sofia"
// Prints "Mateo"

See Also

Iterating Over a Sequence's Elements

func forEach((Self.Element) -> Void)

Calls the given closure on each element in the sequence in the same order as a for-in loop.

Required. Default implementation provided.

var underestimatedCount: Int

A value less than or equal to the number of elements in the sequence, calculated nondestructively.

Required. Default implementations provided.