Structure

String.CharacterView

A view of a string’s contents as a collection of characters.

Overview

In Swift, every string provides a view of its contents as characters. In this view, many individual characters—for example, “é”, “김”, and “🇮🇳”—can be made up of multiple Unicode code points. These code points are combined by Unicode’s boundary algorithms into extended grapheme clusters, represented by the Character type. Each element of a CharacterView collection is a Character instance.

let flowers = "Flowers 💐"
for c in flowers.characters {
    print(c)
}
// F
// l
// o
// w
// e
// r
// s
//
// 💐

You can convert a String.CharacterView instance back into a string using the String type’s init(_:) initializer.

let name = "Marie Curie"
if let firstSpace = name.characters.index(of: " ") {
    let firstName = String(name.characters[..<firstSpace])
    print(firstName)
}
// Prints "Marie"

Topics

Initializers

init()

Creates an empty character view.

init<S>(S)

Creates a new instance of a collection containing the elements of a sequence.

init(String)

Creates a view of the given string.

init(repeating: Character, count: Int)

Creates a new collection containing the specified number of a single, repeated value.

Instance Properties

var count: Int

The number of elements in the collection.

var endIndex: String.CharacterView.Index

A character view’s “past the end” position—that is, the position one greater than the last valid subscript argument.

var first: Character?

The first element of the collection.

var indices: DefaultBidirectionalIndices<String.CharacterView>

The indices that are valid for subscripting the collection, in ascending order.

var isEmpty: Bool

A Boolean value indicating whether the collection is empty.

var last: Character?

The last element of the collection.

var lazy: LazyBidirectionalCollection<String.CharacterView>

A view onto this collection that provides lazy implementations of normally eager operations, such as map and filter.

var lazy: LazyCollection<String.CharacterView>

A view onto this collection that provides lazy implementations of normally eager operations, such as map and filter.

var lazy: LazySequence<String.CharacterView>

A sequence containing the same elements as this sequence, but on which some operations, such as map and filter, are implemented lazily.

var startIndex: String.CharacterView.Index

The position of the first character in a nonempty character view.

var underestimatedCount: Int

A value less than or equal to the number of elements in the collection.

var underestimatedCount: Int

Returns a value less than or equal to the number of elements in the sequence, nondestructively.

Instance Methods

func append(Character)

Adds an element to the end of the collection.

func append(Character)

Appends the given character to the character view.

func append<S>(contentsOf: S)

Appends the characters in the given sequence to the character view.

func contains(Character)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the sequence contains the given element.

func contains(where: (Character) -> Bool)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the sequence contains an element that satisfies the given predicate.

func drop(while: (Character) -> Bool)

Returns a subsequence by skipping elements while predicate returns true and returning the remaining elements.

func dropFirst()

Returns a subsequence containing all but the first element of the sequence.

func dropFirst(Int)

Returns a subsequence containing all but the given number of initial elements.

func dropLast()

Returns a subsequence containing all but the last element of the sequence.

func dropLast(Int)

Returns a subsequence containing all but the specified number of final elements.

func elementsEqual<OtherSequence>(OtherSequence)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether this sequence and another sequence contain the same elements in the same order.

func elementsEqual<OtherSequence>(OtherSequence, by: (Character, Character) -> Bool)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether this sequence and another sequence contain equivalent elements in the same order, using the given predicate as the equivalence test.

func enumerated()

Returns a sequence of pairs (n, x), where n represents a consecutive integer starting at zero, and x represents an element of the sequence.

func filter((Character) -> Bool)

Returns a new collection of the same type containing, in order, the elements of the original collection that satisfy the given predicate.

func first(where: (Character) -> Bool)

Returns the first element of the sequence that satisfies the given predicate.

func forEach((Character) -> Void)

Calls the given closure on each element in the sequence in the same order as a for-in loop.

func index(after: String.CharacterView.Index)

Returns the next consecutive position after i.

func index(before: String.CharacterView.Index)

Returns the previous consecutive position before i.

func index(of: Character)

Returns the first index where the specified value appears in the collection.

func index(where: (Character) -> Bool)

Returns the first index in which an element of the collection satisfies the given predicate.

func insert(Character, at: String.Index)

Inserts a new element into the collection at the specified position.

func insert<C>(contentsOf: C, at: String.Index)

Inserts the elements of a sequence into the collection at the specified position.

func lexicographicallyPrecedes<OtherSequence>(OtherSequence)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the sequence precedes another sequence in a lexicographical (dictionary) ordering, using the less-than operator (<) to compare elements.

func lexicographicallyPrecedes<OtherSequence>(OtherSequence, by: (Character, Character) -> Bool)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the sequence precedes another sequence in a lexicographical (dictionary) ordering, using the given predicate to compare elements.

func makeIterator()

Returns an iterator over the elements of the collection.

func map<T>((Character) -> T)

Returns an array containing the results of mapping the given closure over the sequence’s elements.

func map<T>((Character) -> T)

Returns an array containing the results of mapping the given closure over the sequence’s elements.

func max()

Returns the maximum element in the sequence.

func max(by: (Character, Character) -> Bool)

Returns the maximum element in the sequence, using the given predicate as the comparison between elements.

func min()

Returns the minimum element in the sequence.

func min(by: (Character, Character) -> Bool)

Returns the minimum element in the sequence, using the given predicate as the comparison between elements.

func popFirst()

Removes and returns the first element of the collection.

func popLast()

Removes and returns the last element of the collection.

func prefix(Int)

Returns a subsequence, up to the specified maximum length, containing the initial elements of the collection.

func prefix(through: String.Index)

Returns a subsequence from the start of the collection through the specified position.

func prefix(upTo: String.Index)

Returns a subsequence from the start of the collection up to, but not including, the specified position.

func prefix(while: (Character) -> Bool)

Returns a subsequence containing the initial elements until predicate returns false and skipping the remaining elements.

func reduce<Result>(Result, (Result, Character) -> Result)

Returns the result of combining the elements of the sequence using the given closure.

func reduce<Result>(into: Result, (inout Result, Character) -> ())

Returns the result of combining the elements of the sequence using the given closure.

func remove(at: String.Index)

Removes and returns the element at the specified position.

func removeAll(keepingCapacity: Bool)

Removes all elements from the collection.

func removeFirst()

Removes and returns the first element of the collection.

func removeFirst()

Removes and returns the first element of the collection.

func removeFirst()

Removes and returns the first element of the collection.

func removeFirst(Int)

Removes the specified number of elements from the beginning of the collection.

func removeFirst(Int)

Removes the specified number of elements from the beginning of the collection.

func removeFirst(Int)

Removes the specified number of elements from the beginning of the collection.

func removeLast()

Removes and returns the last element of the collection.

func removeLast()

Removes and returns the last element of the collection.

func removeLast()

Removes and returns the last element of the collection.

func removeLast(Int)

Removes the specified number of elements from the end of the collection.

func removeLast(Int)

Removes the specified number of elements from the end of the collection.

func removeLast(Int)

Removes the given number of elements from the end of the collection.

func removeSubrange(Range<String.Index>)

Removes the elements in the specified subrange from the collection.

func removeSubrange<R>(R)

Removes the elements in the specified subrange from the collection.

func replaceSubrange<C>(Range<String.CharacterView.Index>, with: C)

Replaces the characters within the specified bounds with the given characters.

func replaceSubrange<C, R>(R, with: C)

Replaces the specified subrange of elements with the given collection.

func reserveCapacity(Int)

Reserves enough space in the character view’s underlying storage to store the specified number of ASCII characters.

func reserveCapacity(Int)

Prepares the collection to store the specified number of elements, when doing so is appropriate for the underlying type.

func reversed()

Returns a view presenting the elements of the collection in reverse order.

func sorted()

Returns the elements of the sequence, sorted.

func sorted(by: (Character, Character) -> Bool)

Returns the elements of the sequence, sorted using the given predicate as the comparison between elements.

func split(maxSplits: Int, omittingEmptySubsequences: Bool, whereSeparator: (Character) -> Bool)

Returns the longest possible subsequences of the collection, in order, that don’t contain elements satisfying the given predicate.

func split(separator: Character, maxSplits: Int, omittingEmptySubsequences: Bool)

Returns the longest possible subsequences of the collection, in order, around elements equal to the given element.

func starts<PossiblePrefix>(with: PossiblePrefix)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the initial elements of the sequence are the same as the elements in another sequence.

func starts<PossiblePrefix>(with: PossiblePrefix, by: (Character, Character) -> Bool)

Returns a Boolean value indicating whether the initial elements of the sequence are equivalent to the elements in another sequence, using the given predicate as the equivalence test.

func suffix(Int)

Returns a subsequence, up to the given maximum length, containing the final elements of the collection.

func suffix(from: String.Index)

Returns a subsequence from the specified position to the end of the collection.

Subscripts

subscript(String.CharacterView.Index)

Accesses the character at the given position.

subscript(Range<String.CharacterView.Index>)

Accesses the characters in the given range.

See Also

Related String Types

struct Substring

A slice of a string.

protocol StringProtocol

A type that can represent a string as a collection of characters.

struct String.Index

A position of a character or code unit in a string.

struct String.UnicodeScalarView

A view of a string’s contents as a collection of Unicode scalar values.

struct String.UTF16View

A view of a string’s contents as a collection of UTF-16 code units.

struct String.UTF8View

A view of a string’s contents as a collection of UTF-8 code units.