An abstract interface for responding to and handling events.
- iOS 2.0+
- Mac Catalyst 13.0+
- tvOS 9.0+
Responder objects—that is, instances of
UIResponder—constitute the event-handling backbone of a UIKit app. Many key objects are also responders, including the
UIView objects, and all
UIView objects (which includes
UIWindow). As events occur, UIKit dispatches them to your app's responder objects for handling.
There are several kinds of events, including touch events, motion events, remote-control events, and press events. To handle a specific type of event, a responder must override the corresponding methods. For example, to handle touch events, a responder implements the
touches methods. In the case of touches, the responder uses the event information provided by UIKit to track changes to those touches and to update the app's interface appropriately.
In addition to handling events, UIKit responders also manage the forwarding of unhandled events to other parts of your app. If a given responder does not handle an event, it forwards that event to the next event in the responder chain. UIKit manages the responder chain dynamically, using predefined rules to determine which object should be next to receive an event. For example, a view forwards events to its superview, and the root view of a hierarchy forwards events to its view controller.
UIEvent objects but can also accept custom input through an input view. The system's keyboard is the most obvious example of an input view. When the user taps a
UIText object onscreen, the view becomes the first responder and displays its input view, which is the system keyboard. Similarly, you can create custom input views and display them when other responders become active. To associate a custom input view with a responder, assign that view to the
input property of the responder.
For information about responders and the responder chain, see Event Handling Guide for UIKit Apps.