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4.2.5 Elif

One common case of nested conditionals is used to check for more than two possible alternatives. For example, you might have

     #if X == 1
     ...
     #else /* X != 1 */
     #if X == 2
     ...
     #else /* X != 2 */
     ...
     #endif /* X != 2 */
     #endif /* X != 1 */

Another conditional directive, `#elif', allows this to be abbreviated as follows:

     #if X == 1
     ...
     #elif X == 2
     ...
     #else /* X != 2 and X != 1*/
     ...
     #endif /* X != 2 and X != 1*/

`#elif' stands for “else if”. Like `#else', it goes in the middle of a conditional group and subdivides it; it does not require a matching `#endif' of its own. Like `#if', the `#elif' directive includes an expression to be tested. The text following the `#elif' is processed only if the original `#if'-condition failed and the `#elif' condition succeeds.

More than one `#elif' can go in the same conditional group. Then the text after each `#elif' is processed only if the `#elif' condition succeeds after the original `#if' and all previous `#elif' directives within it have failed.

`#else' is allowed after any number of `#elif' directives, but `#elif' may not follow `#else'.