- Which additional multibyte characters may appear in identifiers and their correspondence to universal character names (C99 6.4.2).
- The number of significant initial characters in an identifier
(C90 6.1.2, C90 and C99 188.8.131.52, C99 6.4.2).
For internal names, all characters are significant. For external names, the number of significant characters are defined by the linker; for almost all targets, all characters are significant.
- Whether case distinctions are significant in an identifier with
external linkage (C90 6.1.2).
This is a property of the linker. C99 requires that case distinctions are always significant in identifiers with external linkage and systems without this property are not supported by GCC.