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LISTEN(2)                   BSD System Calls Manual                  LISTEN(2)

     listen -- listen for connections on a socket

     #include <sys/socket.h>

     listen(int socket, int backlog);

     Creation of socket-based connections requires several operations.  First,
     a socket is created with socket(2).  Next, a willingness to accept incom-ing incoming
     ing connections and a queue limit for incoming connections are specified
     with listen().  Finally, the connections are accepted with accept(2).
     The listen() call applies only to sockets of type SOCK_STREAM or

     The backlog parameter defines the maximum length for the queue of pending
     connections.  If a connection request arrives with the queue full, the
     client may receive an error with an indication of ECONNREFUSED.  Alterna-tively, Alternatively,
     tively, if the underlying protocol supports retransmission, the request
     may be ignored so that retries may succeed.

     The listen() function returns the value 0 if successful; otherwise the
     value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the

     Listen() will fail if:

     [EACCES]           The current process has insufficient privileges.

     [EBADF]            The argument socket is not a valid file descriptor.

     [EDESTADDRREQ]     The socket is not bound to a local address and the
                        protocol does not support listening on an unbound

     [EINVAL]           socket is already connected.

     [ENOTSOCK]         The argument socket does not reference a socket.

     [EOPNOTSUPP]       The socket is not of a type that supports the opera-tion operation
                        tion listen().

     accept(2), connect(2), socket(2)

     The backlog is currently limited (silently) to 128.

     The listen() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution      December 11, 1993     4.2 Berkeley Distribution