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FGETS(3)                 BSD Library Functions Manual                 FGETS(3)

NAME
     fgets, gets -- get a line from a stream

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <stdio.h>

     char *
     fgets(char *restrict s, int n, FILE *restrict stream);

     char *
     gets(char *s);

DESCRIPTION
     The fgets() function reads at most one less than the number of characters
     specified by n from the given stream and stores them in the string s.
     Reading stops when a newline character is found, at end-of-file or error.
     The newline, if any, is retained.  If any characters are read and there
     is no error, a `\0' character is appended to end the string.

     The gets() function is equivalent to fgets() with an infinite n and a
     stream of stdin, except that the newline character (if any) is not stored
     in the string.  It is the caller's responsibility to ensure that the
     input line, if any, is sufficiently short to fit in the string.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, fgets() and gets() return a pointer to the
     string.  If end-of-file occurs before any characters are read, they
     return NULL and the buffer contents remain unchanged.  If an error
     occurs, they return NULL and the buffer contents are indeterminate.  The
     fgets() and gets() functions do not distinguish between end-of-file and
     error; callers must use feof(3) and ferror(3) to determine which
     occurred.

ERRORS
     [EBADF]            The given stream is not a readable stream.

     The function fgets() may also fail and set errno for any of the errors
     specified for the routines fflush(3), fstat(2), read(2), or malloc(3).

     The function gets() may also fail and set errno for any of the errors
     specified for the routine getchar(3).

SECURITY CONSIDERATIONS
     The gets() function cannot be used securely.  Because of its lack of
     bounds checking, and the inability for the calling program to reliably
     determine the length of the next incoming line, the use of this function
     enables malicious users to arbitrarily change a running program's func-tionality functionality
     tionality through a buffer overflow attack.  It is strongly suggested
     that the fgets() function be used in all cases.  (See the FSA.)

SEE ALSO
     feof(3), ferror(3), fgetln(3), fgetws(3)

STANDARDS
     The functions fgets() and gets() conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999
     (``ISO C99'').

BSD                              June 4, 1993                              BSD
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