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DSA(1)                                             OpenSSL                                            DSA(1)

       dsa - DSA key processing

       openssl dsa [-inform PEM|DER] [-outform PEM|DER] [-in filename] [-passin arg] [-out filename]
       [-passout arg] [-des] [-des3] [-idea] [-text] [-noout] [-modulus] [-pubin] [-pubout] [-engine id]

       The dsa command processes DSA keys. They can be converted between various forms and their components
       printed out. Note This command uses the traditional SSLeay compatible format for private key
       encryption: newer applications should use the more secure PKCS#8 format using the pkcs8

       -inform DER|PEM
           This specifies the input format. The DER option with a private key uses an ASN1 DER encoded form
           of an ASN.1 SEQUENCE consisting of the values of version (currently zero), p, q, g, the public
           and private key components respectively as ASN.1 INTEGERs. When used with a public key it uses a
           SubjectPublicKeyInfo structure: it is an error if the key is not DSA.

           The PEM form is the default format: it consists of the DER format base64 encoded with additional
           header and footer lines. In the case of a private key PKCS#8 format is also accepted.

       -outform DER|PEM
           This specifies the output format, the options have the same meaning as the -inform option.

       -in filename
           This specifies the input filename to read a key from or standard input if this option is not
           specified. If the key is encrypted a pass phrase will be prompted for.

       -passin arg
           the input file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the PASS PHRASE
           ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

       -out filename
           This specifies the output filename to write a key to or standard output by is not specified. If
           any encryption options are set then a pass phrase will be prompted for. The output filename
           should not be the same as the input filename.

       -passout arg
           the output file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the PASS PHRASE
           ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

           These options encrypt the private key with the DES, triple DES, or the IDEA ciphers respectively
           before outputting it. A pass phrase is prompted for.  If none of these options is specified the
           key is written in plain text. This means that using the dsa utility to read in an encrypted key
           with no encryption option can be used to remove the pass phrase from a key, or by setting the
           encryption options it can be use to add or change the pass phrase.  These options can only be
           used with PEM format output files.

           prints out the public, private key components and parameters.

           this option prevents output of the encoded version of the key.

           this option prints out the value of the public key component of the key.

           by default a private key is read from the input file: with this option a public key is read

           by default a private key is output. With this option a public key will be output instead. This
           option is automatically set if the input is a public key.

       -engine id
           specifying an engine (by it's unique id string) will cause req to attempt to obtain a functional
           reference to the specified engine, thus initialising it if needed. The engine will then be set as
           the default for all available algorithms.

       The PEM private key format uses the header and footer lines:

        -----BEGIN DSA PRIVATE KEY----------END KEY---------END
        -----END DSA PRIVATE KEY-----The KEY----The

       The PEM public key format uses the header and footer lines:

        -----BEGIN PUBLIC KEY----------END KEY---------END

       To remove the pass phrase on a DSA private key:

        openssl dsa -in key.pem -out keyout.pem

       To encrypt a private key using triple DES:

        openssl dsa -in key.pem -des3 -out keyout.pem

       To convert a private key from PEM to DER format:

        openssl dsa -in key.pem -outform DER -out keyout.der

       To print out the components of a private key to standard output:

        openssl dsa -in key.pem -text -noout

       To just output the public part of a private key:

        openssl dsa -in key.pem -pubout -out pubkey.pem

       dsaparam(1), gendsa(1), rsa(1), genrsa(1)

50                                               2013-03-05                                           DSA(1)

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