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GIT-CHERRY-PICK(1)                               Git Manual                               GIT-CHERRY-PICK(1)



NAME
       git-cherry-pick - Apply the changes introduced by some existing commits

SYNOPSIS
       git cherry-pick [--edit] [-n] [-m parent-number] [-s] [-x] [--ff] <commit>...
       git cherry-pick --continue
       git cherry-pick --quit
       git cherry-pick --abort


DESCRIPTION
       Given one or more existing commits, apply the change each one introduces, recording a new commit for
       each. This requires your working tree to be clean (no modifications from the HEAD commit).

       When it is not obvious how to apply a change, the following happens:

        1. The current branch and HEAD pointer stay at the last commit successfully made.

        2. The CHERRY_PICK_HEAD ref is set to point at the commit that introduced the change that is
           difficult to apply.

        3. Paths in which the change applied cleanly are updated both in the index file and in your working
           tree.

        4. For conflicting paths, the index file records up to three versions, as described in the "TRUE
           MERGE" section of git-merge(1). The working tree files will include a description of the conflict
           bracketed by the usual conflict markers <<<<<<< and >>>>>>>.

        5. No other modifications are made.

       See git-merge(1) for some hints on resolving such conflicts.

OPTIONS
       <commit>...
           Commits to cherry-pick. For a more complete list of ways to spell commits, see gitrevisions(7).
           Sets of commits can be passed but no traversal is done by default, as if the --no-walk option was
           specified, see git-rev-list(1). Note that specifying a range will feed all <commit>... arguments
           to a single revision walk (see a later example that uses maint master..next).

       -e, --edit
           With this option, git cherry-pick will let you edit the commit message prior to committing.

       -x
           When recording the commit, append a line that says "(cherry picked from commit ...)" to the
           original commit message in order to indicate which commit this change was cherry-picked from.
           This is done only for cherry picks without conflicts. Do not use this option if you are
           cherry-picking from your private branch because the information is useless to the recipient. If
           on the other hand you are cherry-picking between two publicly visible branches (e.g. backporting
           a fix to a maintenance branch for an older release from a development branch), adding this
           information can be useful.

       -r
           It used to be that the command defaulted to do -x described above, and -r was to disable it. Now
           the default is not to do -x so this option is a no-op.

       -m parent-number, --mainline parent-number
           Usually you cannot cherry-pick a merge because you do not know which side of the merge should be
           considered the mainline. This option specifies the parent number (starting from 1) of the
           mainline and allows cherry-pick to replay the change relative to the specified parent.

       -n, --no-commit
           Usually the command automatically creates a sequence of commits. This flag applies the changes
           necessary to cherry-pick each named commit to your working tree and the index, without making any
           commit. In addition, when this option is used, your index does not have to match the HEAD commit.
           The cherry-pick is done against the beginning state of your index.

           This is useful when cherry-picking more than one commits' effect to your index in a row.

       -s, --signoff
           Add Signed-off-by line at the end of the commit message.

       --ff
           If the current HEAD is the same as the parent of the cherry-pick'ed commit, then a fast forward
           to this commit will be performed.

       --allow-empty
           By default, cherry-picking an empty commit will fail, indicating that an explicit invocation of
           git commit --allow-empty is required. This option overrides that behavior, allowing empty commits
           to be preserved automatically in a cherry-pick. Note that when "--ff" is in effect, empty commits
           that meet the "fast-forward" requirement will be kept even without this option. Note also, that
           use of this option only keeps commits that were initially empty (i.e. the commit recorded the
           same tree as its parent). Commits which are made empty due to a previous commit are dropped. To
           force the inclusion of those commits use --keep-redundant-commits.

       --allow-empty-message
           By default, cherry-picking a commit with an empty message will fail. This option overrides that
           behaviour, allowing commits with empty messages to be cherry picked.

       --keep-redundant-commits
           If a commit being cherry picked duplicates a commit already in the current history, it will
           become empty. By default these redundant commits are ignored. This option overrides that behavior
           and creates an empty commit object. Implies --allow-empty.

       --strategy=<strategy>
           Use the given merge strategy. Should only be used once. See the MERGE STRATEGIES section in git-merge(1) gitmerge(1)
           merge(1) for details.

       -X<option>, --strategy-option=<option>
           Pass the merge strategy-specific option through to the merge strategy. See git-merge(1) for
           details.

SEQUENCER SUBCOMMANDS
       --continue
           Continue the operation in progress using the information in .git/sequencer. Can be used to
           continue after resolving conflicts in a failed cherry-pick or revert.

       --quit
           Forget about the current operation in progress. Can be used to clear the sequencer state after a
           failed cherry-pick or revert.

       --abort
           Cancel the operation and return to the pre-sequence state.

EXAMPLES
       git cherry-pick master
           Apply the change introduced by the commit at the tip of the master branch and create a new commit
           with this change.

       git cherry-pick ..master, git cherry-pick ^HEAD master
           Apply the changes introduced by all commits that are ancestors of master but not of HEAD to
           produce new commits.

       git cherry-pick maint next ^master, git cherry-pick maint master..next
           Apply the changes introduced by all commits that are ancestors of maint or next, but not master
           or any of its ancestors. Note that the latter does not mean maint and everything between master
           and next; specifically, maint will not be used if it is included in master.

       git cherry-pick master~4 master~2
           Apply the changes introduced by the fifth and third last commits pointed to by master and create
           2 new commits with these changes.

       git cherry-pick -n master~1 next
           Apply to the working tree and the index the changes introduced by the second last commit pointed
           to by master and by the last commit pointed to by next, but do not create any commit with these
           changes.

       git cherry-pick --ff ..next
           If history is linear and HEAD is an ancestor of next, update the working tree and advance the
           HEAD pointer to match next. Otherwise, apply the changes introduced by those commits that are in
           next but not HEAD to the current branch, creating a new commit for each new change.

       git rev-list --reverse master -- README | git cherry-pick -n --stdin
           Apply the changes introduced by all commits on the master branch that touched README to the
           working tree and index, so the result can be inspected and made into a single new commit if
           suitable.

       The following sequence attempts to backport a patch, bails out because the code the patch applies to
       has changed too much, and then tries again, this time exercising more care about matching up context
       lines.

           $ git cherry-pick topic^             (1)
           $ git diff                           (2)
           $ git reset --merge ORIG_HEAD        (3)
           $ git cherry-pick -Xpatience topic^  (4)


       1. apply the change that would be shown by git show topic^. In this example, the patch does not apply
       cleanly, so information about the conflict is written to the index and working tree and no new commit
       results.
       2. summarize changes to be reconciled
       3. cancel the cherry-pick. In other words, return to the pre-cherry-pick state, preserving any local
       modifications you had in the working tree.
       4. try to apply the change introduced by topic^ again, spending extra time to avoid mistakes based on
       incorrectly matching context lines.

SEE ALSO
       git-revert(1)

GIT
       Part of the git(1) suite



Git 1.8.3                                        05/24/2013                               GIT-CHERRY-PICK(1)

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