Mac Developer Library Developer


This manual page is part of Xcode Tools version 5.0

To obtain these tools:

If you are running a version of Xcode Tools other than 5.0, view the documentation locally:

  • In Xcode

  • In Terminal, using the man(1) command

Reading manual pages

Manual pages are intended as a quick reference for people who already understand a technology.

  • To learn how the manual is organized or to learn about command syntax, read the manual page for manpages(5).

  • For more information about this technology, look for other documentation in the Apple Developer Library.

  • For general information about writing shell scripts, read Shell Scripting Primer.

GIT-INIT(1)                                      Git Manual                                      GIT-INIT(1)

       git-init - Create an empty Git repository or reinitialize an existing one

       git init [-q | --quiet] [--bare] [--template=<template_directory>]
                 [--separate-git-dir <git dir>]
                 [--shared[=<permissions>]] [directory]

       This command creates an empty Git repository - basically a .git directory with subdirectories for
       objects, refs/heads, refs/tags, and template files. An initial HEAD file that references the HEAD of
       the master branch is also created.

       If the $GIT_DIR environment variable is set then it specifies a path to use instead of ./.git for the
       base of the repository.

       If the object storage directory is specified via the $GIT_OBJECT_DIRECTORY environment variable then
       the sha1 directories are created underneath - otherwise the default $GIT_DIR/objects directory is

       Running git init in an existing repository is safe. It will not overwrite things that are already
       there. The primary reason for rerunning git init is to pick up newly added templates (or to move the
       repository to another place if --separate-git-dir is given).

       -q, --quiet
           Only print error and warning messages, all other output will be suppressed.

           Create a bare repository. If GIT_DIR environment is not set, it is set to the current working

           Specify the directory from which templates will be used. (See the "TEMPLATE DIRECTORY" section

       --separate-git-dir=<git dir>
           Instead of initializing the repository where it is supposed to be, place a filesytem-agnostic Git
           symbolic link there, pointing to the specified path, and initialize a Git repository at the path.
           The result is Git repository can be separated from working tree. If this is reinitialization, the
           repository will be moved to the specified path.

           Specify that the Git repository is to be shared amongst several users. This allows users
           belonging to the same group to push into that repository. When specified, the config variable
           "core.sharedRepository" is set so that files and directories under $GIT_DIR are created with the
           requested permissions. When not specified, Git will use permissions reported by umask(2).

       The option can have the following values, defaulting to group if no value is given:

           umask (or false): Use permissions reported by umask(2). The default, when --shared is not

           group (or true): Make the repository group-writable, (and g+sx, since the git group may be not
           the primary group of all users). This is used to loosen the permissions of an otherwise safe
           umask(2) value. Note that the umask still applies to the other permission bits (e.g. if umask is
           __22, using group will not remove read privileges from other (non-group) users). See _xxx for how
           to exactly specify the repository permissions.

           all (or world or everybody): Same as group, but make the repository readable by all users.

           _xxx: _xxx is an octal number and each file will have mode _xxx.  _xxx will override users'
           umask(2) value (and not only loosen permissions as group and all does).  _64_ will create a
           repository which is group-readable, but not group-writable or accessible to others.  _66_ will
           create a repo that is readable and writable to the current user and group, but inaccessible to

       By default, the configuration flag receive.denyNonFastForwards is enabled in shared repositories, so
       that you cannot force a non fast-forwarding push into it.

       If you name a (possibly non-existent) directory at the end of the command line, the command is run
       inside the directory (possibly after creating it).

       The template directory contains files and directories that will be copied to the $GIT_DIR after it is

       The template directory used will (in order):

          The argument given with the --template option.

          The contents of the $GIT_TEMPLATE_DIR environment variable.

          The init.templatedir configuration variable.

          The default template directory: /usr/share/git-core/templates.

       The default template directory includes some directory structure, some suggested "exclude patterns",
       and copies of sample "hook" files. The suggested patterns and hook files are all modifiable and

       Start a new Git repository for an existing code base

               $ cd /path/to/my/codebase
               $ git init      (1)
               $ git add .     (2)

           1. prepare /path/to/my/codebase/.git directory
           2. add all existing file to the index

       Part of the git(1) suite

Git 1.8.3                                        05/24/2013                                      GIT-INIT(1)

Reporting Problems

The way to report a problem with this manual page depends on the type of problem:

Content errors
Report errors in the content of this documentation with the feedback links below.
Bug reports
Report bugs in the functionality of the described tool or API through Bug Reporter.
Formatting problems
Report formatting mistakes in the online version of these pages with the feedback links below.