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GITWEB(1)                                        Git Manual                                        GITWEB(1)



NAME
       gitweb - Git web interface (web frontend to Git repositories)

SYNOPSIS
       To get started with gitweb, run git-instaweb(1) from a Git repository. This would configure and start
       your web server, and run web browser pointing to gitweb.

DESCRIPTION
       Gitweb provides a web interface to Git repositories. Its features include:

          Viewing multiple Git repositories with common root.

          Browsing every revision of the repository.

          Viewing the contents of files in the repository at any revision.

          Viewing the revision log of branches, history of files and directories, see what was changed
           when, by who.

          Viewing the blame/annotation details of any file (if enabled).

          Generating RSS and Atom feeds of commits, for any branch. The feeds are auto-discoverable in
           modern web browsers.

          Viewing everything that was changed in a revision, and step through revisions one at a time,
           viewing the history of the repository.

          Finding commits which commit messages matches given search term.

       See http://git.kernel.org/?p=git/git.git;a=tree;f=gitweb or
       http://repo.or.cz/w/git.git/tree/HEAD:/gitweb/ for gitweb source code, browsed using gitweb itself.

CONFIGURATION
       Various aspects of gitweb's behavior can be controlled through the configuration file
       gitweb_config.perl or /etc/gitweb.conf. See the gitweb.conf(5) for details.

   Repositories
       Gitweb can show information from one or more Git repositories. These repositories have to be all on
       local filesystem, and have to share common repository root, i.e. be all under a single parent
       repository (but see also "Advanced web server setup" section, "Webserver configuration with multiple
       projects' root" subsection).

           our $projectroot = '/path/to/parent/directory';


       The default value for $projectroot is /pub/git. You can change it during building gitweb via
       GITWEB_PROJECTROOT build configuration variable.

       By default all Git repositories under $projectroot are visible and available to gitweb. The list of
       projects is generated by default by scanning the $projectroot directory for Git repositories (for
       object databases to be more exact; gitweb is not interested in a working area, and is best suited to
       showing "bare" repositories).

       The name of the repository in gitweb is the path to its $GIT_DIR (its object database) relative to
       $projectroot. Therefore the repository $repo can be found at "$projectroot/$repo".

   Projects list file format
       Instead of having gitweb find repositories by scanning filesystem starting from $projectroot, you can
       provide a pre-generated list of visible projects by setting $projects_list to point to a plain text
       file with a list of projects (with some additional info).

       This file uses the following format:

          One record (for project / repository) per line; does not support line continuation (newline
           escaping).

          Leading and trailing whitespace are ignored.

          Whitespace separated fields; any run of whitespace can be used as field separator (rules for
           Perl's "split(" ", $line)").

          Fields use modified URI encoding, defined in RFC 3986, section 2.1 (Percent-Encoding), or rather
           "Query string encoding" (see http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Query_string#URL_encoding), the
           difference being that SP (" ") can be encoded as "+" (and therefore "+" has to be also
           percent-encoded).

           Reserved characters are: "%" (used for encoding), "+" (can be used to encode SPACE), all
           whitespace characters as defined in Perl, including SP, TAB and LF, (used to separate fields in a
           record).

          Currently recognized fields are:

           <repository path>
               path to repository GIT_DIR, relative to $projectroot

           <repository owner>
               displayed as repository owner, preferably full name, or email, or both

       You can generate the projects list index file using the project_index action (the TXT link on
       projects list page) directly from gitweb; see also "Generating projects list using gitweb" section
       below.

       Example contents:

           foo.git       Joe+R+Hacker+<joe@example.com>
           foo/bar.git   O+W+Ner+<owner@example.org>


       By default this file controls only which projects are visible on projects list page (note that
       entries that do not point to correctly recognized Git repositories won't be displayed by gitweb).
       Even if a project is not visible on projects list page, you can view it nevertheless by hand-crafting
       a gitweb URL. By setting $strict_export configuration variable (see gitweb.conf(5)) to true value you
       can allow viewing only of repositories also shown on the overview page (i.e. only projects explicitly
       listed in projects list file will be accessible).

   Generating projects list using gitweb
       We assume that GITWEB_CONFIG has its default Makefile value, namely gitweb_config.perl. Put the
       following in gitweb_make_index.perl file:

           read_config_file("gitweb_config.perl");
           $projects_list = $projectroot;


       Then create the following script to get list of project in the format suitable for GITWEB_LIST build
       configuration variable (or $projects_list variable in gitweb config):

           #!/bin/sh

           export GITWEB_CONFIG="gitweb_make_index.perl"
           export GATEWAY_INTERFACE="CGI/1.1"
           export HTTP_ACCEPT="*/*"
           export REQUEST_METHOD="GET"
           export QUERY_STRING="a=project_index"

           perl -- /var/www/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi


       Run this script and save its output to a file. This file could then be used as projects list file,
       which means that you can set $projects_list to its filename.

   Controlling access to Git repositories
       By default all Git repositories under $projectroot are visible and available to gitweb. You can
       however configure how gitweb controls access to repositories.

          As described in "Projects list file format" section, you can control which projects are visible
           by selectively including repositories in projects list file, and setting $projects_list gitweb
           configuration variable to point to it. With $strict_export set, projects list file can be used to
           control which repositories are available as well.

          You can configure gitweb to only list and allow viewing of the explicitly exported repositories,
           via $export_ok variable in gitweb config file; see gitweb.conf(5) manpage. If it evaluates to
           true, gitweb shows repositories only if this file named by $export_ok exists in its object
           database (if directory has the magic file named $export_ok).

           For example git-daemon(1) by default (unless --export-all option is used) allows pulling only for
           those repositories that have git-daemon-export-ok file. Adding

               our $export_ok = "git-daemon-export-ok";

           makes gitweb show and allow access only to those repositories that can be fetched from via git://
           protocol.

          Finally, it is possible to specify an arbitrary perl subroutine that will be called for each
           repository to determine if it can be exported. The subroutine receives an absolute path to the
           project (repository) as its only parameter (i.e. "$projectroot/$project").

           For example, if you use mod_perl to run the script, and have dumb HTTP protocol authentication
           configured for your repositories, you can use the following hook to allow access only if the user
           is authorized to read the files:

               $export_auth_hook = sub {
                       use Apache2::SubRequest ();
                       use Apache2::Const -compile => qw(HTTP_OK);
                       my $path = "$_[0]/HEAD";
                       my $r    = Apache2::RequestUtil->request;
                       my $sub  = $r->lookup_file($path);
                       return $sub->filename eq $path
                           && $sub->status == Apache2::Const::HTTP_OK;
               };


   Per-repository gitweb configuration
       You can configure individual repositories shown in gitweb by creating file in the GIT_DIR of Git
       repository, or by setting some repo configuration variable (in GIT_DIR/config, see git-config(1)).

       You can use the following files in repository:

       README.html
           A html file (HTML fragment) which is included on the gitweb project "summary" page inside <div>
           block element. You can use it for longer description of a project, to provide links (for example
           to project's homepage), etc. This is recognized only if XSS prevention is off ($prevent_xss is
           false, see gitweb.conf(5)); a way to include a README safely when XSS prevention is on may be
           worked out in the future.

       description (or gitweb.description)
           Short (shortened to $projects_list_description_width in the projects list page, which is 25
           characters by default; see gitweb.conf(5)) single line description of a project (of a
           repository). Plain text file; HTML will be escaped. By default set to

               Unnamed repository; edit this file to name it for gitweb.

           from the template during repository creation, usually installed in
           /usr/share/git-core/templates/. You can use the gitweb.description repo configuration variable,
           but the file takes precedence.

       category (or gitweb.category)
           Singe line category of a project, used to group projects if $projects_list_group_categories is
           enabled. By default (file and configuration variable absent), uncategorized projects are put in
           the $project_list_default_category category. You can use the gitweb.category repo configuration
           variable, but the file takes precedence.

           The configuration variables $projects_list_group_categories and $project_list_default_category
           are described in gitweb.conf(5)

       cloneurl (or multiple-valued gitweb.url)
           File with repository URL (used for clone and fetch), one per line. Displayed in the project
           summary page. You can use multiple-valued gitweb.url repository configuration variable for that,
           but the file takes precedence.

           This is per-repository enhancement / version of global prefix-based @git_base_url_list gitweb
           configuration variable (see gitweb.conf(5)).

       gitweb.owner
           You can use the gitweb.owner repository configuration variable to set repository's owner. It is
           displayed in the project list and summary page.

           If it's not set, filesystem directory's owner is used (via GECOS field, i.e. real name field from
           getpwuid(3)) if $projects_list is unset (gitweb scans $projectroot for repositories); if
           $projects_list points to file with list of repositories, then project owner defaults to value
           from this file for given repository.

       various gitweb.* config variables (in config)
           Read description of %feature hash for detailed list, and descriptions. See also "Configuring
           gitweb features" section in gitweb.conf(5)

ACTIONS, AND URLS
       Gitweb can use path_info (component) based URLs, or it can pass all necessary information via query
       parameters. The typical gitweb URLs are broken down in to five components:

           .../gitweb.cgi/<repo>/<action>/<revision>:/<path>?<arguments>


       repo
           The repository the action will be performed on.

           All actions except for those that list all available projects, in whatever form, require this
           parameter.

       action
           The action that will be run. Defaults to projects_list if repo is not set, and to summary
           otherwise.

       revision
           Revision shown. Defaults to HEAD.

       path
           The path within the <repository> that the action is performed on, for those actions that require
           it.

       arguments
           Any arguments that control the behaviour of the action.

       Some actions require or allow to specify two revisions, and sometimes even two pathnames. In most
       general form such path_info (component) based gitweb URL looks like this:

           .../gitweb.cgi/<repo>/<action>/<revision_from>:/<path_from>..<revision_to>:/<path_to>?<arguments>


       Each action is implemented as a subroutine, and must be present in %actions hash. Some actions are
       disabled by default, and must be turned on via feature mechanism. For example to enable blame view
       add the following to gitweb configuration file:

           $feature{'blame'}{'default'} = [1];


   Actions:
       The standard actions are:

       project_list
           Lists the available Git repositories. This is the default command if no repository is specified
           in the URL.

       summary
           Displays summary about given repository. This is the default command if no action is specified in
           URL, and only repository is specified.

       heads, remotes
           Lists all local or all remote-tracking branches in given repository.

           The latter is not available by default, unless configured.

       tags
           List all tags (lightweight and annotated) in given repository.

       blob, tree
           Shows the files and directories in a given repository path, at given revision. This is default
           command if no action is specified in the URL, and path is given.

       blob_plain
           Returns the raw data for the file in given repository, at given path and revision. Links to this
           action are marked raw.

       blobdiff
           Shows the difference between two revisions of the same file.

       blame, blame_incremental
           Shows the blame (also called annotation) information for a file. On a per line basis it shows the
           revision in which that line was last changed and the user that committed the change. The
           incremental version (which if configured is used automatically when JavaScript is enabled) uses
           Ajax to incrementally add blame info to the contents of given file.

           This action is disabled by default for performance reasons.

       commit, commitdiff
           Shows information about a specific commit in a repository. The commit view shows information
           about commit in more detail, the commitdiff action shows changeset for given commit.

       patch
           Returns the commit in plain text mail format, suitable for applying with git-am(1).

       tag
           Display specific annotated tag (tag object).

       log, shortlog
           Shows log information (commit message or just commit subject) for a given branch (starting from
           given revision).

           The shortlog view is more compact; it shows one commit per line.

       history
           Shows history of the file or directory in a given repository path, starting from given revision
           (defaults to HEAD, i.e. default branch).

           This view is similar to shortlog view.

       rss, atom
           Generates an RSS (or Atom) feed of changes to repository.

WEBSERVER CONFIGURATION
       This section explains how to configure some common webservers to run gitweb. In all cases,
       /path/to/gitweb in the examples is the directory you ran installed gitweb in, and contains
       gitweb_config.perl.

       If you've configured a web server that isn't listed here for gitweb, please send in the instructions
       so they can be included in a future release.

   Apache as CGI
       Apache must be configured to support CGI scripts in the directory in which gitweb is installed. Let's
       assume that it is /var/www/cgi-bin directory.

           ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

           <Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
               Options Indexes FollowSymlinks ExecCGI
               AllowOverride None
               Order allow,deny
               Allow from all
           </Directory>


       With that configuration the full path to browse repositories would be:

           http://server/cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi

   Apache with mod_perl, via ModPerl::Registry
       You can use mod_perl with gitweb. You must install Apache::Registry (for mod_perl 1.x) or
       ModPerl::Registry (for mod_perl 2.x) to enable this support.

       Assuming that gitweb is installed to /var/www/perl, the following Apache configuration (for mod_perl
       2.x) is suitable.

           Alias /perl "/var/www/perl"

           <Directory "/var/www/perl">
               SetHandler perl-script
               PerlResponseHandler ModPerl::Registry
               PerlOptions +ParseHeaders
               Options Indexes FollowSymlinks +ExecCGI
               AllowOverride None
               Order allow,deny
               Allow from all
           </Directory>


       With that configuration the full path to browse repositories would be:

           http://server/perl/gitweb.cgi

   Apache with FastCGI
       Gitweb works with Apache and FastCGI. First you need to rename, copy or symlink gitweb.cgi to
       gitweb.fcgi. Let's assume that gitweb is installed in /usr/share/gitweb directory. The following
       Apache configuration is suitable (UNTESTED!)

           FastCgiServer /usr/share/gitweb/gitweb.cgi
           ScriptAlias /gitweb /usr/share/gitweb/gitweb.cgi

           Alias /gitweb/static /usr/share/gitweb/static
           <Directory /usr/share/gitweb/static>
               SetHandler default-handler
           </Directory>


       With that configuration the full path to browse repositories would be:

           http://server/gitweb

ADVANCED WEB SERVER SETUP
       All of those examples use request rewriting, and need mod_rewrite (or equivalent; examples below are
       written for Apache).

   Single URL for gitweb and for fetching
       If you want to have one URL for both gitweb and your http:// repositories, you can configure Apache
       like this:

           <VirtualHost *:80>
               ServerName    git.example.org
               DocumentRoot  /pub/git
               SetEnv        GITWEB_CONFIG   /etc/gitweb.conf

               # turning on mod rewrite
               RewriteEngine on

               # make the front page an internal rewrite to the gitweb script
               RewriteRule ^/$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi

               # make access for "dumb clients" work
               RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ \
                           /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]
           </VirtualHost>


       The above configuration expects your public repositories to live under /pub/git and will serve them
       as http://git.domain.org/dir-under-pub-git, both as cloneable Git URL and as browseable gitweb
       interface. If you then start your git-daemon(1) with --base-path=/pub/git --export-all then you can
       even use the git:// URL with exactly the same path.

       Setting the environment variable GITWEB_CONFIG will tell gitweb to use the named file (i.e. in this
       example /etc/gitweb.conf) as a configuration for gitweb. You don't really need it in above example;
       it is required only if your configuration file is in different place than built-in (during compiling
       gitweb) gitweb_config.perl or /etc/gitweb.conf. See gitweb.conf(5) for details, especially
       information about precedence rules.

       If you use the rewrite rules from the example you might also need something like the following in
       your gitweb configuration file (/etc/gitweb.conf following example):

           @stylesheets = ("/some/absolute/path/gitweb.css");
           $my_uri    = "/";
           $home_link = "/";
           $per_request_config = 1;


       Nowadays though gitweb should create HTML base tag when needed (to set base URI for relative links),
       so it should work automatically.

   Webserver configuration with multiple projects' root
       If you want to use gitweb with several project roots you can edit your Apache virtual host and gitweb
       configuration files in the following way.

       The virtual host configuration (in Apache configuration file) should look like this:

           <VirtualHost *:80>
               ServerName    git.example.org
               DocumentRoot  /pub/git
               SetEnv        GITWEB_CONFIG  /etc/gitweb.conf

               # turning on mod rewrite
               RewriteEngine on

               # make the front page an internal rewrite to the gitweb script
               RewriteRule ^/$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi  [QSA,L,PT]

               # look for a public_git folder in unix users' home
               # http://git.example.org/~<user>/
               RewriteRule ^/\~([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$   /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
                           [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]

               # http://git.example.org/+<user>/
               #RewriteRule ^/\+([^\/]+)(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$  /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
                            [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]

               # http://git.example.org/user/<user>/
               #RewriteRule ^/user/([^\/]+)/(gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
                            [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/home/$1/public_git/,L,PT]

               # defined list of project roots
               RewriteRule ^/scm(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
                           [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/pub/scm/,L,PT]
               RewriteRule ^/var(/|/gitweb.cgi)?$ /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi \
                           [QSA,E=GITWEB_PROJECTROOT:/var/git/,L,PT]

               # make access for "dumb clients" work
               RewriteRule ^/(.*\.git/(?!/?(HEAD|info|objects|refs)).*)?$ \
                           /cgi-bin/gitweb.cgi%{REQUEST_URI}  [L,PT]
           </VirtualHost>


       Here actual project root is passed to gitweb via GITWEB_PROJECT_ROOT environment variable from a web
       server, so you need to put the following line in gitweb configuration file (/etc/gitweb.conf in above
       example):

           $projectroot = $ENV{'GITWEB_PROJECTROOT'} || "/pub/git";


       Note that this requires to be set for each request, so either $per_request_config must be false, or
       the above must be put in code referenced by $per_request_config;

       These configurations enable two things. First, each unix user (<user>) of the server will be able to
       browse through gitweb Git repositories found in ~/public_git/ with the following url:

           http://git.example.org/~<user>/

       If you do not want this feature on your server just remove the second rewrite rule.

       If you already use `mod_userdir` in your virtual host or you don't want to use the '~' as first
       character, just comment or remove the second rewrite rule, and uncomment one of the following
       according to what you want.

       Second, repositories found in /pub/scm/ and /var/git/ will be accessible through
       http://git.example.org/scm/ and http://git.example.org/var/. You can add as many project roots as you
       want by adding rewrite rules like the third and the fourth.

   PATH_INFO usage
       If you enable PATH_INFO usage in gitweb by putting

           $feature{'pathinfo'}{'default'} = [1];


       in your gitweb configuration file, it is possible to set up your server so that it consumes and
       produces URLs in the form

           http://git.example.com/project.git/shortlog/sometag

       i.e. without gitweb.cgi part, by using a configuration such as the following. This configuration
       assumes that /var/www/gitweb is the DocumentRoot of your webserver, contains the gitweb.cgi script
       and complementary static files (stylesheet, favicon, JavaScript):

           <VirtualHost *:80>
                   ServerAlias git.example.com

                   DocumentRoot /var/www/gitweb

                   <Directory /var/www/gitweb>
                           Options ExecCGI
                           AddHandler cgi-script cgi

                           DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi

                           RewriteEngine On
                           RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
                           RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
                           RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]
                   </Directory>
           </VirtualHost>


       The rewrite rule guarantees that existing static files will be properly served, whereas any other URL
       will be passed to gitweb as PATH_INFO parameter.

       Notice that in this case you don't need special settings for @stylesheets, $my_uri and $home_link,
       but you lose "dumb client" access to your project .git dirs (described in "Single URL for gitweb and
       for fetching" section). A possible workaround for the latter is the following: in your project root
       dir (e.g. /pub/git) have the projects named without a .git extension (e.g. /pub/git/project instead
       of /pub/git/project.git) and configure Apache as follows:

           <VirtualHost *:80>
                   ServerAlias git.example.com

                   DocumentRoot /var/www/gitweb

                   AliasMatch ^(/.*?)(\.git)(/.*)?$ /pub/git$1$3
                   <Directory /var/www/gitweb>
                           Options ExecCGI
                           AddHandler cgi-script cgi

                           DirectoryIndex gitweb.cgi

                           RewriteEngine On
                           RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-f
                           RewriteCond %{REQUEST_FILENAME} !-d
                           RewriteRule ^.* /gitweb.cgi/$0 [L,PT]
                   </Directory>
           </VirtualHost>


       The additional AliasMatch makes it so that

           http://git.example.com/project.git

       will give raw access to the project's Git dir (so that the project can be cloned), while

           http://git.example.com/project

       will provide human-friendly gitweb access.

       This solution is not 100% bulletproof, in the sense that if some project has a named ref (branch,
       tag) starting with git/, then paths such as

           http://git.example.com/project/command/abranch..git/abranch

       will fail with a 404 error.

BUGS
       Please report any bugs or feature requests to git@vger.kernel.org[1], putting "gitweb" in the subject
       of email.

SEE ALSO
       gitweb.conf(5), git-instaweb(1)

       gitweb/README, gitweb/INSTALL

GIT
       Part of the git(1) suite

NOTES
        1. git@vger.kernel.org
           mailto:git@vger.kernel.org



Git 1.8.3                                        05/24/2013                                        GITWEB(1)

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