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CHOWN(2)                    BSD System Calls Manual                   CHOWN(2)

NAME
     chown, fchown, lchown -- change owner and group of a file

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     chown(const char *path, uid_t owner, gid_t group);

     int
     fchown(int fildes, uid_t owner, gid_t group);

     int
     lchown(const char *path, uid_t owner, gid_t group);

DESCRIPTION
     The owner ID and group ID of the file named by path or referenced by fildes is changed as specified by
     the arguments owner and group.  The owner of a file may change the group to a group of which he or she
     is a member, but the change owner capability is restricted to the super-user.

     The chown() system call clears the set-user-id and set-group-id bits on the file to prevent accidental
     or mischievous creation of set-user-id and set-group-id programs if not executed by the super-user.
     The chown() system call follows symbolic links to operate on the target of the link rather than the
     link itself.

     The fchown() system call is particularly useful when used in conjunction with the file locking primi-tives primitives
     tives (see flock(2)).

     The lchown() system call is similar to chown() but does not follow symbolic links.

     One of the owner or group id's may be left unchanged by specifying it as -1.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global
     variable errno is set to indicate the error.

ERRORS
     The chown() and lchown() system calls will fail if:

     [EACCES]           Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix.

     [EFAULT]           The path argument points outside the process's allocated address space.

     [ELOOP]            Too many symbolic links are encountered in translating the pathname.  This is taken
                        to be indicative of a looping symbolic link.

     [ENAMETOOLONG]     A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded
                        1023 characters.

     [ENOENT]           A component of path does not exist.

     [ENOTDIR]          A component of the path prefix is not a directory.

     The fchown() system call will fail if:

     [EBADF]            The fildes argument does not refer to a valid descriptor.

     [EINVAL]           The fildes argument refers to a socket, not a file.

     Any of these calls will fail if:

     [EINTR]            Its execution is interrupted by a signal.

     [EIO]              An I/O error occurs while reading from or writing to the file system.

     [EPERM]            The effective user ID does not match the owner of the file and the calling process
                        does not have appropriate (i.e., root) privileges.

     [EROFS]            The named file resides on a read-only file system.

SEE ALSO
     chgrp(1), chmod(2), flock(2), chown(8)

STANDARDS
     The chown() system call is expected to conform to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'').

HISTORY
     The chown() function appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.  The fchown() system call appeared in 4.2BSD.

     The chown() and fchown() system calls were changed to follow symbolic links in 4.4BSD.  The lchown()
     system call was added in FreeBSD 3.0 to compensate for the loss of functionality.

BSD                             April 19, 1994                             BSD

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