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EXIT(3)                  BSD Library Functions Manual                  EXIT(3)

NAME
     exit, _Exit -- perform normal program termination

LIBRARY
     Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS
     #include <stdlib.h>

     void
     exit(int status);

     void
     _Exit(int status);

DESCRIPTION
     The exit() and _Exit() functions terminate a process.

     Before termination, exit() performs the following functions in the order listed:

           1.   Call the functions registered with the atexit(3) function, in the reverse order of their
                registration.

           2.   Flush all open output streams.

           3.   Close all open streams.

           4.   Unlink all files created with the tmpfile(3) function.

     The _Exit() function terminates without calling the functions registered with the atexit(3) function,
     and may or may not perform the other actions listed.  Both functions make the low-order eight bits of
     the status argument available to a parent process which has called a wait(2)-family function.

     The C Standard (ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99'')) defines the values 0, EXIT_SUCCESS, and EXIT_FAILURE
     as possible values of status.  Cooperating processes may use other values; in a program which might be
     called by a mail transfer agent, the values described in sysexits(3) may be used to provide more infor-mation information
     mation to the parent process.

     Note that exit() does nothing to prevent bottomless recursion should a function registered using
     atexit(3) itself call exit().  Such functions must call _Exit() instead (although this has other
     effects as well which may not be desired).

RETURN VALUES
     The exit() and _Exit() functions never return.

SEE ALSO
     _exit(2), wait(2), atexit(3), intro(3), sysexits(3), tmpfile(3)

STANDARDS
     The exit() and _Exit() functions conform to ISO/IEC 9899:1999 (``ISO C99'').

BSD                            September 9, 2002                           BSD

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