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IOSTAT(8)                 BSD System Manager's Manual                IOSTAT(8)

NAME
     iostat -- report I/O statistics

SYNOPSIS
     iostat [-CUdKIoT?] [-c count] [-n devs] [-w wait] [drives]

DESCRIPTION
     Iostat displays kernel I/O statistics on terminal, device and cpu operations.  The first statistics
     that are printed are averaged over the system uptime.  To get information about the current activity, a
     suitable wait time should be specified, so that the subsequent sets of printed statistics will be aver-aged averaged
     aged over that time.

     The options are as follows:

     -?    Display a usage statement and exit.

     -C    Display CPU statistics.  This is on by default, unless -d is specified.

     -c    Repeat the display count times.  If no wait interval is specified, the default is 1 second.

     -d    Display only device statistics.  If this flag is turned on, only device statistics will be dis-played, displayed,
           played, unless -C or -U or -T is also specfied to enable the display of CPU, load average or TTY
           statistics.

     -I    Display total statstics for a given time period, rather than average statistics for each second
           during that time period.

     -K    In the blocks transferred display (-o), display block count in kilobytes rather then the device
           native block size.

     -n    Display up to devs number of devices.  iostat will display fewer devices if there aren't devs
           devices present.

     -o    Display old-style iostat device statistics.  Sectors per second, transfers per second, and
           miliseconds per seek are displayed.  If -I is specified, total blocks/sectors, total transfers,
           and miliseconds per seek are displayed.

     -T    Display TTY statistics.  This is on by default, unless -d is specified.

     -U    Display system load averages.  This is on by default, unless -d is specified.

     -w    Pause wait seconds between each display.  If no repeat count is specified, the default is infin-ity. infinity.
           ity.

     Iostat displays its information in the following format:

     tty
           tin     characters read from terminals
           tout    characters written to terminals

     devices
           Device operations.  The header of the field is the device name and unit number.  iostat will dis-play display
           play as many devices as will fit in a standard 80 column screen, or the maximum number of devices
           in the system, whichever is smaller.  If -n is specified on the command line, iostat will display
           the smaller of the requested number of devices, and the maximum number of devices in the system.
           To force iostat to display specific drives, their names may be supplied on the command line.
           iostat will not display more devices than will fit in an 80 column screen, unless the -n argument
           is given on the command line to specify a maximum number of devices to display, or the list of
           specified devices exceeds 80 columns.  If fewer devices are specified on the command line than
           will fit in an 80 column screen, iostat will show only the specified devices.

           The standard iostat device display shows the following statistics:

           KB/t    kilobytes per transfer
           tps     transfers per second
           MB/s    megabytes per second

           The standard iostat device display, with the -I flag specified, shows the following statistics:

           KB/t    kilobytes per transfer
           xfrs    total number of transfers
           MB      total number of megabytes transferred

           The old-style iostat display (using -o) shows the following statistics:

           sps     sectors transferred per second
           tps     transfers per second
           msps    average milliseconds per transaction

           The old-style iostat display, with the -I flag specified, shows the following statistics:

           blk     total blocks/sectors transferred
           xfr     total transfers
           msps    average milliseconds per transaction

     cpu
           us      % of cpu time in user mode
           sy      % of cpu time in system mode
           id      % of cpu time in idle mode

EXAMPLES
           iostat -w 1 disk0 disk2

     Display statistics for the first and third disk devices device every second ad infinitum.

           iostat -c 2

     Display the statistics for the first four devices in the system twice, with a one second display inter-val. interval.
     val.

           iostat -Iw 3

     Display total statistics every three seconds ad infinitum.

           iostat -odICTw 2 -c 9

     Display total statistics using the old-style output format 9 times, with a two second interval between
     each measurement/display.  The -d flag generally disables the TTY and CPU displays, but since the -T
     and -C flags are given, the TTY and CPU displays will be displayed.

SEE ALSO
     fstat(1), netstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), pstat(8)

     The sections starting with ``Interpreting system activity'' in Installing and Operating 4.3BSD.

HISTORY
     This version of iostat first appeared in FreeBSD 3.0.

BSD                           September 27, 2001                           BSD

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