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SETUID(2)                   BSD System Calls Manual                  SETUID(2)

NAME
     setegid, seteuid, setgid, setuid -- set user and group ID

SYNOPSIS
     #include <unistd.h>

     int
     setegid(gid_t egid);

     int
     seteuid(uid_t euid);

     int
     setgid(gid_t gid);

     int
     setuid(uid_t uid);

DESCRIPTION
     The setuid() function sets the real and effective user IDs and the saved set-user-ID of the current
     process to the specified value.  The setuid() function is permitted if the effective user ID is that of
     the super user, or if the specified user ID is the same as the effective user ID.  If not, but the
     specified user ID is the same as the real user ID, setuid() will set the effective user ID to the real
     user ID.

     The setgid() function sets the real and effective group IDs and the saved set-group-ID of the current
     process to the specified value.  The setgid() function is permitted if the effective user ID is that of
     the super user, or if the specified group ID is the same as the effective group ID.  If not, but the
     specified group ID is the same as the real group ID, setgid() will set the effective group ID to the
     real group ID.

     The seteuid() function (setegid()) sets the effective user ID (group ID) of the current process.  The
     effective user ID may be set to the value of the real user ID or the saved set-user-ID (see intro(2)
     and execve(2)); in this way, the effective user ID of a set-user-ID executable may be toggled by
     switching to the real user ID, then re-enabled by reverting to the set-user-ID value.  Similarly, the
     effective group ID may be set to the value of the real group ID or the saved set-user-ID.

RETURN VALUES
     Upon success, these functions return 0; otherwise -1 is returned.

     If the user is not the super user, or the uid specified is not the real, effective ID, or saved ID,
     these functions return -1.

ERRORS
     The setegid(), seteuid(), setgid(), and setuid() system calls will fail if:

     [EINVAL]           The value of the {group,user} ID argument is invalid and is not supported by the
                        implementation.

     [EPERM]            The process does not have appropriate privileges and the ID argument does not match
                        the real ID or the saved set-{group,user}-ID.

LEGACY SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <unistd.h>

     The include file <sys/types.h> is necessary for all functions.

SEE ALSO
     getgid(2), getuid(2), compat(5)

STANDARDS
     The setuid() and setgid() functions are compliant with the ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'') specifica-tion specification
     tion with _POSIX_SAVED_IDS defined, with the extensions allowed in section B.4.2.2.  The seteuid() and
     setegid() functions are extensions based on the POSIX concept of _POSIX_SAVED_IDS, and have been pro-posed proposed
     posed for a future revision of the standard.

4.2 Berkeley Distribution        June 4, 1993        4.2 Berkeley Distribution

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