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UMASK(2)                    BSD System Calls Manual                   UMASK(2)

NAME
     umask -- set file creation mode mask

SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/stat.h>

     mode_t
     umask(mode_t cmask);

DESCRIPTION
     The umask() routine sets the process's file mode creation mask to cmask and returns the previous value
     of the mask.  The 9 low-order access permission bits of cmask are used by system calls, including
     open(2), mkdir(2), mkfifo(2), and mknod(2) to turn off corresponding bits requested in file mode.  (See
     chmod(2)).  This clearing allows each user to restrict the default access to his files.

     The default mask value is S_IWGRP | S_IWOTH (022, write access for the owner only).  Child processes
     inherit the mask of the calling process.

RETURN VALUES
     The previous value of the file mode mask is returned by the call.

ERRORS
     The umask() function is always successful.

LEGACY SYNOPSIS
     #include <sys/types.h>
     #include <sys/stat.h>

     The include file <sys/types.h> is necessary.

SEE ALSO
     chmod(2), mkdir(2), mkfifo(2), mknod(2), open(2), compat(5)

STANDARDS
     The umask() function call is expected to conform to IEEE Std 1003.1-1988 (``POSIX.1'').

4th Berkeley Distribution        June 4, 1993        4th Berkeley Distribution

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