Interact with URLs and communicate with servers using standard Internet protocols.
The URL Loading System provides access to resources identified by URLs, using standard protocols like
https or custom protocols you create. Loading is performed asynchronously, so your app can remain responsive and handle incoming data or errors as they arrive.
You use a
URLSession instance to create one or more
URLSession instances, which can fetch and return data to your app, download files, or upload data and files to remote locations. To configure a session, you use a
URLSession object, which controls behavior like how to use caches and cookies, or whether to allow connections on a cellular network.
You can use one session repeatedly to create tasks. For example, a web browser might have separate sessions for regular and private browsing use, where the private session doesn’t cache its data. Figure 1 shows how two sessions with these configurations can then create multiple tasks.
Each session is associated with a delegate to receive periodic updates (or errors). The default delegate calls a completion handler block that you provide; if you choose to provide your own custom delegate, this block is not called.
You can configure a session to run in the background, so that while the app is suspended, the system can download data on its behalf and wake up the app to deliver the results.