Methods for presenting custom content in the Siri and Maps interfaces.
- iOS 10.0+
INUIHosted protocol defines methods for presenting a custom interface from Siri or Maps. You adopt this protocol in a view controller, which you then deliver in an Intents UI app extension as part of your iOS app. When displaying information to the user, Siri and Maps incorporate your view controller's content into the default interface. In iOS 11 and later, SiriKit gives you the option to replace some or all of the default interface.
An Intents UI app extension works in tandem with a corresponding Intents app extension. The Intents app extension handles the intent and provides a response that includes data from your app. The view controller in your Intents UI app extension receives that data in the form of an
INInteraction object and uses it to configure its view. Using the methods of this protocol, you can replace some or all of the default Siri or Maps interface or you can augment the default interface with a custom view.
Each Intents UI app extension must contain only one view controller, but that view controller may provide a custom interface for multiple intents. Use the
Intents key in the extension’s
Info file to specify which intent classes the view controller supports. During the configuration phase, use the class of the intent to configure the contents of your view.
For more information on how to create an Intents UI extension, see Creating an Intents UI Extension.
Replacing Some or All of the Default Interface
Prior to displaying an interface, SiriKit determines which pieces of data that it wants to display from the intent and your response and packages them into
INParameter objects. For each parameter (or grouped set of parameters), SiriKit creates an instance of your view controller and calls its
configure method. Use that method to configure the custom interface that you want displayed by Siri and Maps. If you do not provide a custom view, SiriKit displays a default view.
Each view controller object may display parameters other than the ones that SiriKit provided. For example, if SiriKit asks you to display the pickup date for a ride, you could display the pickup date, drop-off date, and the pickup location in your custom view. When executing the handler block of the
configure method, return
INParameter objects for all of the parameters that you displayed. SiriKit does not ask you to configure the same parameter twice.
Augmenting the Default Interface with a Single View
If you want to keep the default Siri or Maps interface and augment it with a custom view, implement the
configure(with: method. When you implement only that method, SiriKit does not replace any of the default interfaces. Instead, it inserts your view controller's view into the default interface. You might augment the default interface when you want to take a more minimal approach to your customizations. For example, you might use it solely to add branding information to the default interface.
When augmenting the default interface, configure the contents of your view however you want. You can add subviews, embed child view controllers, and install layout constraints to display and manage your content. However, do not add gesture recognizers or views that involve user interactions to your view hierarchy. The system actively prevents the delivery of touch events to your view controller while it is onscreen. If you need to update your views dynamically, user a timer to trigger programmatic updates.
To avoid the duplication of some types of content, implement the properties of the
INUIHosted protocol in your view controller. The properties define elements of the default interface that SiriKit can hide. For example, a ride booking app that provides its own map might implement the
displays property and return true to cause SiriKit to hide the default map.